TB case findings: Nigeria to identify 432,000 TB cases annually, says institute
June 10, 2021
The Institute of Human Virology, Nigeria (IHVN), the U.S. Agency for International Development, (USAID) and the Tuberculosis Local Organization Network, (TB LON 3), have said that Nigeria was expected to identify 432,000 tuberculosis cases annually.
The IHVN, Director, Technical Programs, TB LON 3 project, Dr. Olugbenga Daniel, disclosed this in an interview with News Agency of Nigeria(NAN), on Wednesday, in Abuja.
NAN reports that the USAID TB LON 3 project is sited in regions 1, 2 and 3.
Region 1 covers North Central and North East, while Region 2 covers South East and South South, and Region 3 covers the South-Western states of Lagos, Oyo, Ogun and Osun states.
The project’s focuses on finding the missing tuberculosis cases, the annual cases that are expected to be found and the specific strategy that was adopted for the facility and community interventions across the zones.
Daniel said that historically, up until 2020, the country’s case finding had been staggering around 24 to 25 per cent, “which is about 100,000 or 105,000 cases.
“In 2019, we increased to about 116,000/ 120,000 cases, and thereafter we had an increase in 2020 to about 130,000 cases. All these are out of the expected 432,000,” he said.
He added that all the findings were due to the concerted effort of both the public facility intervention, the private facility intervention as well as communities across the zones.
“So, this boils down to the fact that we still have over 300,000 TB cases annually that are yet to be diagnosed and another insight to that is that one positive index TB patient infects 15 people annually.
”If you do the geometric progression of that, knowing the number of people that will be infected annually by undiagnosed TB cases, truly if you look at it critically it is an emergency.
“For the facility intervention, basically what we have done is to ensure 100 percent of the patients that visit the facility are screened for TB and when we say screened for TB we are talking about the clinical screening, asking questions and identifying those that are presumed to have TB,” he explained.
Daniel noted that these people were subsequently sent for further investigation and the cases identified were placed on treatment.
“For the facility, we have the private and public facility interventions.
The public facilities are majorly the general hospitals, teaching hospitals. For the private facilities, we have private-for-profit facilities, individually-owned facilities that are supported for TB and we also engage some faith-based facilities.
“But, be that as it may, these are formal health providers. We have the informal sector, the traditional birth attendants, traditional medicine healers and the community pharmacies,” he explained.
He stressed that 50 percent of hospital attendees were found to visit these facilities first, before visiting the formal health care facilities.
“In that regard, we equally engage some traditional medicine healers, to support them, to ensure that 100 percent of the people that visit their facilities are screened for TB.
”These people are there, as well as the community pharmacies where patients just visit just to get drugs for back pain or maybe cough that started just yesterday, not knowing that it is actually more grievous than what they are expecting,” he added.
Facility intervention had really helped in improving the case findings across the four supported states, he said, adding that based on community strategies, the 300,000 people who are out there annually, that were yet to be identified, were found to be in the community.
Community transmission was ongoing every day, Daniel said, while stressing that if TB services were not taken to them, a number of them might not actually visit the facilities.
“So, what are we doing about that? We have hotspot and when I say hotspot, I mean we have a platform that we use that uses different parameters, age distribution, sex distribution, the HIV prevalence, the financial status and other various strategies, to identify areas with high prevalence of TB.
“This is now used to determine the area that our active case search, house-to-house search intervention, as well as Advocacy Communication and Social Mobilization (ACSM) meetings will be targeting.
“It is a targeted intervention as against just visiting the community blindly and doing the general screening which, over time, has been found to be very ineffective. We’ve also been able to drive more patients to the facility and link them for treatment,” he said.
Daniel added that TB was known to be a disease that was diagnosed in the laboratory, noting that only presumptive cases were identified on the field, at the facility, or the clinic, but the most definitive diagnostics was done at the laboratory.
“Therefore, all of the interventions that you’re putting in place, if there is no top notch diagnostic capacity installed across the service points, at the end of the day, the program will not be as effective as expected.
“So, one of the strategies that we also put in place as a program for the TB LON 3 project is to ensure that we expand the diagnostic capacity of the supported facilities across the targeted states, which has really helped to equally improve the case finding in the supported states,” he said.
The director stressed that to bring facts and figures out, all the states that the IHVN was currently supporting have recorded an increase in case findings since the project began in April 2020, and despite the impact of COVID.
“For quarter 2, we had some case finding drop compared with quarter 1 but in quarter 4, this picked up.
“To round up the first response for the TB LON 3 projects, we have been able to expand the coverage of facilities that are providing TB services across the four states, by instituting the Out Patient Department screening strategy for both the public facility and then the private facilities, and then the high burden LGAs,” he said.
Daniel noted that the IHVN had also improved on the community strategies of the ACSM, hotspots mapping and contact investigation as well as house-to-house search and Outpatient Department (OPD), diagnostic capacity for testing or finding TB cases.
FG converts National Blood Service to commission
By Gistflash News
Sept 25, 2021
The Federal Government has established the National Blood Service Commission (NBSC) to replace the National Blood Transfusion Service (NBTS) to coordinate, regulate and ensure the provision of safe, quality blood transfusion services.
This is contained in a statement by Abdullahi Haruna, the commission’s Head of Media and Publicity on Saturday, in Abuja.
It explained that the NBTS was formerly a unit under the Department of Hospital Services in the Federal Ministry of Health, which was passed by the National Assembly and assented to by President Muhammadu Buhari.
It also disclosed that Dr Omale Joseph-Amedu, the National Coordinator, would serve as the Acting Director-General of the commission in line with the provisions of the Act establishing the commission.
“Commission which has the statutory mandate to coordinate, regulate and ensure the provision of safe, quality blood transfusion services on a country- wide basis within the national health plan.
“Therefore, the commission is legally mandated to ensure proper compliance with the National Blood Service Guidelines and standards.
“It will also maintain a system of quality assurance at all levels of service, encourage research in all aspects of blood transfusion services and promote the rational use of blood, blood products and alternatives to blood where appropriate.
“The commission which takes effect immediately as National Blood Service Commission (NBSC) has communicated that its new name and status more aptly reflects the mandate of ensuring the availability of safe, quality and adequate blood services to all Nigerians,” it stated
UK donates 1.2m COVID-19 vaccines to Nigeria – Envoy
By Gistflash News
Sept 25, 2021
COVID-19: 4, 680,000 Nigerians vaccinated – NPHCDA
By Gistflash News
Sept 25, 2021
The National Primary Health Care Development Agency (NPHCDA) says 4,680,000 Nigerians have so far been vaccinated against COVID-19 .
The Executive Director /Chief Executive Officer of the agency, Dr Faisal Shuaib, disclosed this during the South South zonal town hall meeting on COVID-19 vaccination on Saturday in Benin.
The News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) reports that the town hall meeting was organised by the Presidential Steering Committee on COVID-19, in collaboration with NPHCDA and the Edo government.
Shuaib noted that out of the 4,680,000 million vaccinated Nigerians, about 1,865,127 were fully vaccinated with the two doses.
He stated that the figure was below the nation’s target ,adding that the threats posed by the virus could prevent the country from returning to normal living.
“I will like to encourage us to use our good offices to encourage eligible members of our community to visit the nearest designated health facility to receive the vaccine.
“All the vaccines are currently available in designated vaccination sites across the country and are safe and effective,” he said.
According to him, in the course of the next few weeks, NPHCDA plans to gradually involve the private sector as sites for COVID-19 vaccination.
Shuaib, however, disclosed that the Federal Government had set up a Joint Task Force on COVID-19 vaccine for monitoring and accountability in collaboration with the security agencies.
Earlier, the Minister of Health, Dr Osagie Ehanire said the town hall was organised to discuss COVID-19 vaccination, address mutual concerns and reach a consensus to ensure citizens were safe and protected against the deadly coronavirus.
Ehanire, said Nigeria had so far lost 2000 of her citizens to COVID-19, adding that the virus had also affected the nation’s GDP.
According to him ,the government needs to vaccinate 70 per cent of the population to effectively curb the spread of the virus.
“The way out off this is to get vaccinated because those who have taken the vaccine have full protection while the unvaccinated are exposed to danger,” he said
He disclosed that the Federal Government was working with the private sector for the production of vaccine in the country.
According to the minister, records have shown that over 90 per cent of deaths recorded from COVID-19 are from unvaccinated persons.
Also speaking, Gov. Godwin Obaseki said the state had so far vaccinated over 130,000 residents against the virus.
Represented by his Chief of Staff, Osaigbovo Iyokha, Obaseki said the state target was to vaccinate 60 per cent of the population.
LET’S REVAMP YOUR BUSINESS
Let’s keep you updated
HOW TO BUY FOLLOWERS FOR ALL YOUR SOCIAL MEDIA ACCOUNTS
Gorgeous Bride rocking one of Beyonce’s Hit song
Most Viewed Posts
- CBN Sells Polaris Bank To SCILSpread the loveThe Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has announced the completion of the sale of shares in Polaris Bank to Strategic Capital Investment Limited (SCIL), a new core investor. In a statement signed by its Director, Corporate Communications […]
- “No Way Back For You In Man United Squad, Spoilt Brat” – Darren Bent Slams RonaldoSpread the loveDarren Bent, a former Charlton, Tottenham and Sunderland striker, has suggested that the end of Cristiano Ronaldo has come at Manchester United. The former England man said he sees no way the former Real Madrid star can […]
- Gunmen Attack Anambra Police Station, Kill Four OfficersSpread the love Unknown gunmen in the early hours of Wednesday attacked a police station located in Atani, the headquarters of Ogbaru Local Government Area of Anambra State. It was gathered that the gunmen launched the attack on the […]
- Supreme Court Affirms Six-Year Jail Term For Former Director Of Pensions, John YakubuSupreme Court Affirms Six-Year Jail Term For Former Director Of Pensions, John Yakub The Supreme Court has affirmed the six years imprisonment imposed on a former Federal Director of Pensions, Mister John Yakubu, and also ordered him to refund […]
- Media Intelligence agency Marks Six years of Operation in NigeriaSpread the loveMedia Intelligence agency Marks Six years of Operation in Nigeria. P+ Measurement Services, Nigeria’s foremost Independent Public Relations measurement and evaluation agency, celebrates its sixth year of effective operation with qualitative offerings for its numerous clients, as it […]